Today India is well known for most of the orthopaedic surgeries that are carried out in the world. Most of the orthopaedic surgeons are well qualified and experts in their specific areas of orthopaedics. Many hospitals across India are well equipped and specialized in the latest methods and treatments like minimal invasive surgery, cartilage and bone transplantation, spine surgery and limb sparing surgery. They have surgeons that can handle all types of musculoskeletal issues from arthritis to complicated fractures, bone tumours and childhood deformities are being treated successfully. 

There are a number of hospitals that are accredited by the JCI and some of the big names are Apollo group of hospitals, located in some of the major cities of the country, Malar Hospital and Medical Centre in Chennai, Narayana Hrudayalaya Health City in Bangalore, Trust Hospital and Escorts hospital in New Delhi and many more. Heidelberg Medical Services also provides excellent orthopaedic care and facilities for these procedures in India. India has become a place where people from countries like the UK, the US and other European countries fly down because they have heard and know that they can avail of the best treatment and post surgical care at practically half the cost of what they have to pay in their respective countries. Most people who come for treatment return home completely satisfied.  

All the above mentioned factors make India one of the most well known and affordable medical tourist destinations in the world. People from across the globe flock to India for the various orthopaedic surgeries that they need to get done.

Orthopaedic surgery is the branch of medicine related to the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons make use of surgical as well as non-surgical techniques to treat various musculoskeletal ailments like trauma, sports injuries, infections, tumours, degenerative diseases, and congenital disorders. The term orthopaedic was invented by Nicholas Andry who derived the term from two Greek words orthos meaning ‘correct’ or ‘straight’ and paideion meaning child. In the days gone by correction of spinal and deformities of the bones were the bases of orthopaedic practice.

Orthopaedic surgery can be done for a variety of musculoskeletal disorders. Doctors specializing in this field are known as orthopaedists and orthopaedic surgeons. All orthopaedic surgeons carry out surgeries to restore the activity that patients have lost through injury, bone ailments, joints, ligaments, skin, tendons, muscles nerves ruptured disc, and ligaments. They also treat conditions like low back pain, sciatica, scoliosis, knock knees, bow legs, bunion and hammer toes. If fact an orthopaedic surgeon has to generally involve himself in all aspects of health regarding the musculoskeletal system.

Usually an orthopaedic surgery is carried out to completely or partially treat an orthopaedic condition. Some of the most common surgeries conducted by such surgeons are knee replacement, hip replacement, fractures of any bone in the body that require surgical correction, osteotomy, fusion etc.

Knee or Joint Replacement Surgery

This is one of the most common surgeries done around the world. The worn out knee joint is replaced helping the patient perform his/her daily activities without pain, allowing them to lead a more normal life. The surgeon makes a small incision to remove the damaged portion of the knee and use a metal or plastic prosthesis as replacement. This surgery is also called knee arthroplasty. Other joints like shoulder/hip etc can also be replaced using similar techniques.

Hip Resurfacing Surgery
This form of orthopaedic surgery is done instead of a complete hip replacement. The worn out surface of whatever part of the joint is scraped out and cleaned, and plastic or metal prosthesis are fitted over the ball of the femur and the socket of the hip.

Bone Marrow Transplant or BMT
There are many hospitals today that have oncology units and are carrying out crucial bone marrow transplant surgeries.

Spine Surgery
Very often sports injuries or accidents can cause damage to the spine that could probably require spinal surgery and one of the common ones is the fusion which involves the fusing together of bones utilizing internal things like metal rods.

Osteotomy
This is one kind of orthopaedic surgery that is performed to correct deformities like “hallux valgus”, knock knees, bow legs and short limb. Sometimes this surgery come in useful to align a bone accurately that was set wrongly after a fracture.

The other common surgeries conducted in India include ankle surgery, cervical fusion, ankle replacement, carpal tunnel surgery, corn removal surgery, rotator cuff surgery, meniscus surgery, PCL and ACL reconstruction and tennis elbow surgery to mention a few of them.

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