Dementia poses major threat as statistics point out that more people are being affected by this condition. Dementia is characterized by a severe decline in one’s mental ability, which could result in throwing routine life off balance. The most commonly known type of dementia is Alzheimer’s.

 

What Is Dementia?

Dementia cannot be termed as a specific disease. It relates to various symptoms associated with memory loss and other brain functions such as the ability to concentrate, solve problems, and recall date. As the condition advances, the affected person might not be able to identify the place or people around him. The condition is seen in seniors while adults are not ruled out. Symptoms Of Dementia Some of the symptoms of dementia include memory loss, mood swings and difficulty in communication. When affected with memory loss, the person finds it difficult to trace the way back home while away. Even names or places will be difficult to recall. Mood swings are characterized by stress, fear and anxiety. The affected person finds it difficult to communicate.

 

Types Of Dementia

Some of the most common types of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, stroke and fronto-temporal dementia. Dementia is seen in those suffering from Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease. Treatment For Dementia Until now, effective cure for dementia is not identified. Researches are being conducted to make a breakthrough to address this alarming condition. Active Brain Could Help Prevent Dementia However, recent research conducted by Dr. Robert Wilson, Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, has shown that dementia could be postponed or prevented by keeping the brain active. This could be achieved by engaging the brain in reading books, writing letters and solving crossword puzzles. The study involved 294 participants aged over 55 and they were questioned on their reading habits and activities involving mental stimulation during various phases of their lives. Their memory was tested to measure the level of their memory and thinking.. The test was conducted every year for around 6 years until they passed away. After their death, the participants’ brains were examined to look for brain lesions and/or plaques, which could be the physical signs to suggest that they had dementia. The results showed that those with a busy brain activity had 15% slower cognitive decline than those who did not have a busy schedule for their brains. Dr. Wilson suggests that busy brain activity spanning lifetime was important for keeping the brain in great shape, as one grows old. He goes on to state that the performance of brain in old age depends to an extent on its activity through out the early stages of life. The argument is supported by Dr. Simon Ridley and Dr. James Pickett, head of research at Alzheimer’s Research in the United Kingdom. Though more researches are needed along these lines, it is evident that mental activity plays a major role in protecting the brain from dementia. To reduce dementia risk, it is essential to have a balanced diet and exercise regularly to maintain body fitness while ensuring that brain gets sufficient work to keep it going.

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